Mandate for ASEAN Science and Technology Cooperation
The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) was established by the ASEAN Declaration of 8 August 1967. The mandate for ASEAN cooperation in science and technology can be found in the ASEAN Declaration, which states that
“ASEAN shall promote active collaboration and mutual assistance on matters of common interest in the economic, social, cultural, technical, scientific and administrative fields and provide assistance to each other in the form of training and research facilities in the educational, professional, technical and administrative spheres.”
The ASEAN Heads of State and Government issued ASEAN Vision 2020 during the 2nd ASEAN Informal Summit in Kuala Lumpur, 15 December 1997.
The Vision sets out what ASEAN should be in Year 2020, “A Concert of Southeast Asian Nations, outward looking, living in peace, stability and prosperity, bonded together in dynamic development and in a community of caring societies”.
A major foundation of that vision is “a technologically competitive ASEAN, competent in strategic and enabling technologies, with an adequate pool of technologically qualified and trained manpower, and strong networks of scientific and technological institutions and centres of excellence”.
ASEAN regional cooperation on science and technology was initiated when an Ad-hoc Committee on Science and Technology met in Jakarta on 27-29 April 1970. With the ASEAN Declaration as the guiding principle, the meeting established the following objectives for ASEAN cooperation in science and technology:
- to initiate and intensify regional cooperation in scientific and regional activities;
- to generate and promote development of scientific and technological expertise and manpower in the ASEAN region;
- to facilitate and accelerate the transfer of scientific developments and technologies among ASEAN countries and from the more advanced industrialized countries to the ASEAN region;
- to provide support and assistance in the application of the results of research and development, and in the more effective use of natural resources in the ASEAN region; and
- to provide support towards the implementation of present and future ASEAN programmes.